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Просмотр полной версии : Что почитать?


morbias
29.01.2007, 22:59
Не так давно, в яростной попытке научиться программировать, мною была закуплена спец.книжка Ставровский, А.Б.
Первые шаги в программированию Самоучитель
ISBN 5-8459-0537-0 (рус.)
, к чтению которой приступил немедля в силу определенного рода обстоятельств ;)

На полке уже давно пылиться, подаренная одним другом, книжка Б. Страуструпа "Язык программирования С++" (издание третье), но она, в силу ряда причин, мною читаема так и не была.

В процессе чтения первой было выяснено много пробелов в сопутствующих науках, но они ликвидировались локально и в порядке необходимости.

Пришел к однозначному выводу: нужно укреплять фундамент.
Первое, что бросилось в глаза - математика. Но эта наука настолько обширна, что на ее изучение можно потратить несколько человечьих жизней. В связи с этим хотелось бы услышать название направлений (а точнее изданий), в которые нужно будет вникнуть первоочередно.


З.Ы. На фразы вида "Надо сначала определиться, чего бы ты хотел этим достичь", отвечаю: желаю "нырнуть в глубины" (это я так называю умение писать хотя бы части кодов на ассемблере).

Ser_Zelibobo
29.01.2007, 23:22
начинать надо с основ обьектно-ориентированного программирования (знать что такое - Объект, Свойство, Функция, Процедура и.д.)
Советую почитать книги Вирта....если найдешь...
IMHO
P.s.Я не занимаюсь программированием, просто увлекался когда-то...

morbias
30.01.2007, 06:02
начинать надо с основ обьектно-ориентированного программирования
а ну это я уже делаю)
а спрашиваю впрок))


Советую почитать книги Вирта....если найдешь...
буду искать...

Saitan
02.04.2007, 16:40
Э. А. Опалева, В. П. Самойленко "Языки программирования и методы трансляции" - ключ, необходимый, чтобы заглянуть внутрь языка.

Lionet
02.04.2007, 17:17
Чарльз Петзольд "Программирование для Windows'95". Я с неё начинал. Даёт одновременно знания по языку С и внутренней структуре Форточек. Конкретно по асму, вечером посмотрю - тоже была хорошая электронная книжка.

Иван
02.04.2007, 21:00
Что почитать? Кстати, сегодня международный день детской книги.

Powar
06.05.2007, 12:44
Ты бы решил на каком языке будешь писать а потом уже решал какие книги читать.
По курсу обучения нас типо учили сначала бейсику, потом асемблеру, потом, паскалю, это первые два года. После Внедрение асемблера в паскаль, мелкий курс визуал бейсик, и целый год борланд делфи. После такого обучения человек выходит из учебного заведения со знанием кучи названий, но не умеющим практически ничего сложнее чем калькулятор в делфи =)

Впринципе я бы посоветовал изучать паскаль, не глубоко. Просто для понятия как оно всё выглядит и тд. Дальше уже ставить цель: например хочу сделать крутую прогу для сканирование сети на предмет доступных компов и разсыланием на них какого либо файла. ВЫбрать язык программирования и по ступенькам, сталкиваясь с определёнными вопросами искать на них ответы в книгах или людях которые знают.
На теории программирование изучить нереально. Чем больше будешь практиковаться тем быстрее научишься.

morbias
06.05.2007, 14:42
Впринципе я бы посоветовал изучать паскаль, не глубоко. Просто для понятия как оно всё выглядит и тд. Дальше уже ставить цель: например хочу сделать крутую прогу для сканирование сети на предмет доступных компов и разсыланием на них какого либо файла. ВЫбрать язык программирования и по ступенькам, сталкиваясь с определёнными вопросами искать на них ответы в книгах или людях которые знают.
то бишь ситуативно? на это надо много времени...((
все-таки начну, пожалуй, с того, что мне выгоднее! :)
а именно 1С :)

Ser_Zelibobo
06.05.2007, 15:01
Зачем тебе это надо...
Планируешь работать программстом...
Если да, то действительно 1С сегодня самая актуальная тема...все остальное не востребовано рынком, по крайней мере в Саратове....

morbias
06.05.2007, 15:25
чего я только не планирую...)))

Powar
06.05.2007, 16:59
Я сразу понял что ты хочешь изучать 1с, просто не спешил спрашивать правда ли это =)

Покачай литературы по 1с 8й версии и запишись на курсы. Без бумажки как гворится.... Заодно и поучишься азам 1с. А далее будет проще углубляться самому.
Кстати есть и бесплатные курсы с возможностью трудоустройства, точнее это трудоустройство с бесплатным обучением =)

Ser_Zelibobo
06.05.2007, 17:28
А исчо он у меня все дистрибутивы выкачал...бластер...)))
Сейчас мало кто с восмеркой дело имеет, не спешит на нее переходить народ, логичнее с 7,7 начать...

Powar
06.05.2007, 17:48
уже многие перешли на 8, и требуються восновном программисты на 8ю версию...

morbias
06.05.2007, 17:48
Только что смотел: курсы, блин, требуют предварительного знания бухгалтерии и какого-нить языка...((

Saitan
22.03.2008, 01:56
Usage: configure [options] [host]
Options: [defaults in brackets after descriptions]
Configuration:
--cache-file=FILE cache test results in FILE
--help print this message
--no-create do not create output files
--quiet, --silent do not print `checking...' messages
--version print the version of autoconf that created configure
Directory and file names:
--prefix=PREFIX install architecture-independent files in PREFIX
[/usr/local]
--exec-prefix=EPREFIX install architecture-dependent files in EPREFIX
[same as prefix]
--bindir=DIR user executables in DIR [EPREFIX/bin]
--sbindir=DIR system admin executables in DIR [EPREFIX/sbin]
--libexecdir=DIR program executables in DIR [EPREFIX/libexec]
--datadir=DIR read-only architecture-independent data in DIR
[PREFIX/share]
--sysconfdir=DIR read-only single-machine data in DIR [PREFIX/etc]
--sharedstatedir=DIR modifiable architecture-independent data in DIR
[PREFIX/com]
--localstatedir=DIR modifiable single-machine data in DIR [PREFIX/var]
--libdir=DIR object code libraries in DIR [EPREFIX/lib]
--includedir=DIR C header files in DIR [PREFIX/include]
--oldincludedir=DIR C header files for non-gcc in DIR [/usr/include]
--infodir=DIR info documentation in DIR [PREFIX/info]
--mandir=DIR man documentation in DIR [PREFIX/man]
--srcdir=DIR find the sources in DIR [configure dir or ..]
--program-prefix=PREFIX prepend PREFIX to installed program names
--program-suffix=SUFFIX append SUFFIX to installed program names
--program-transform-name=PROGRAM
run sed PROGRAM on installed program names
Host type:
--build=BUILD configure for building on BUILD [BUILD=HOST]
--host=HOST configure for HOST [guessed]
--target=TARGET configure for TARGET [TARGET=HOST]
Features and packages:
--disable-FEATURE do not include FEATURE (same as --enable-FEATURE=no)
--enable-FEATURE[=ARG] include FEATURE [ARG=yes]
--with-PACKAGE[=ARG] use PACKAGE [ARG=yes]
--without-PACKAGE do not use PACKAGE (same as --with-PACKAGE=no)
--x-includes=DIR X include files are in DIR
--x-libraries=DIR X library files are in DIR
--enable and --with options recognized:
--with-libdir=NAME Look for libraries in .../NAME rather than .../lib

SAPI modules:

--with-aolserver=DIR Specify path to the installed AOLserver
--with-apxs[=FILE] Build shared Apache 1.x module. FILE is the optional
pathname to the Apache apxs tool [apxs]
--with-apache[=DIR] Build Apache 1.x module. DIR is the top-level Apache
build directory [/usr/local/apache]
--with-mod_charset Enable transfer tables for mod_charset (Rus Apache)
--with-apxs2filter[=FILE]
EXPERIMENTAL: Build shared Apache 2.0 Filter module. FILE is the optional
pathname to the Apache apxs tool [apxs]
--with-apxs2[=FILE] Build shared Apache 2.0 Handler module. FILE is the optional
pathname to the Apache apxs tool [apxs]
--with-apache-hooks[=FILE]
EXPERIMENTAL: Build shared Apache 1.x module. FILE is the optional
pathname to the Apache apxs tool [apxs]
--with-apache-hooks-static[=DIR]
EXPERIMENTAL: Build Apache 1.x module. DIR is the top-level Apache
build directory [/usr/local/apache]
--with-mod_charset Enable transfer tables for mod_charset (Rus Apache)
--with-caudium[=DIR] Build PHP as a Pike module for use with Caudium.
DIR is the Caudium server dir [/usr/local/caudium/server]
--disable-cli Disable building CLI version of PHP
(this forces --without-pear)
--with-continuity=DIR Build PHP as Continuity Server module.
DIR is path to the installed Continuity Server root
--enable-embed[=TYPE] EXPERIMENTAL: Enable building of embedded SAPI library
TYPE is either 'shared' or 'static'. [TYPE=shared]
--with-isapi[=DIR] Build PHP as an ISAPI module for use with Zeus
--with-milter[=DIR] Build PHP as Milter application
--with-nsapi=DIR Build PHP as NSAPI module for Netscape/iPlanet/SunONE
--with-phttpd=DIR Build PHP as phttpd module
--with-pi3web[=DIR] Build PHP as Pi3Web module
--with-roxen=DIR Build PHP as a Pike module. DIR is the base Roxen
directory, normally /usr/local/roxen/server
--enable-roxen-zts Build the Roxen module using Zend Thread Safety
--with-thttpd=SRCDIR Build PHP as thttpd module
--with-tux=MODULEDIR Build PHP as a TUX module (Linux only)
--with-webjames=SRCDIR Build PHP as a WebJames module (RISC OS only)
--disable-cgi Disable building CGI version of PHP
--enable-force-cgi-redirect
CGI: Enable the security check for internal server
redirects. You should use this if you are
running the CGI version with Apache
--enable-discard-path CGI: If this is enabled, the PHP CGI binary
can safely be placed outside of the
web tree and people will not be able
to circumvent .htaccess security
--enable-fastcgi CGI: If this is enabled, the cgi module will
be built with support for fastcgi also
--disable-path-info-check CGI: If this is disabled, paths such as
/info.php/test?a=b will fail to work

General settings:

--enable-gcov Enable GCOV code coverage (requires LTP) - FOR DEVELOPERS ONLY!!
--enable-debug Compile with debugging symbols
--with-layout=TYPE Set how installed files will be laid out. Type is
one of PHP or GNU [TYPE=PHP]
--with-config-file-path=PATH
Set the path in which to look for php.ini
[PREFIX/lib]
--with-config-file-scan-dir=PATH
Set the path where to scan for configuration files
--enable-safe-mode Enable safe mode by default
--with-exec-dir[=DIR] Only allow executables in DIR under safe-mode
[/usr/local/php/bin]
--enable-sigchild Enable PHP's own SIGCHLD handler
--enable-magic-quotes Enable magic quotes by default.
--disable-rpath Disable passing additional runtime library
search paths
--enable-libgcc Enable explicitly linking against libgcc
--disable-short-tags Disable the short-form <? start tag by default
--enable-dmalloc Enable dmalloc
--disable-ipv6 Disable IPv6 support
--enable-fd-setsize Set size of descriptor sets
--enable-versioning Export only required symbols.
See INSTALL for more information

Extensions:

--with-EXTENSION=[shared[,PATH]]

NOTE: Not all extensions can be build as 'shared'.

Example: --with-foobar=shared,/usr/local/foobar/

o Builds the foobar extension as shared extension.
o foobar package install prefix is /usr/local/foobar/


--disable-all Disable all extensions which are enabled by default

--disable-libxml Disable new LIBXML support
--with-libxml-dir[=DIR] libxml2 install prefix
--with-openssl[=DIR] Include OpenSSL support (requires OpenSSL >= 0.9.6)
--with-kerberos[=DIR] OPENSSL: Include Kerberos support
--without-pcre-regex Do not include Perl Compatible Regular Expressions
support. Use --with-pcre-regex=DIR to specify DIR
where PCRE's include and library files are located,
if not using bundled library.
--with-zlib[=DIR] Include ZLIB support (requires zlib >= 1.0.9)
--with-zlib-dir=<DIR> Define the location of zlib install directory
--enable-bcmath Enable bc style precision math functions
--with-bz2[=DIR] Include BZip2 support
--enable-calendar Enable support for calendar conversion
--disable-ctype Disable ctype functions
--with-curl[=DIR] Include CURL support
--with-curlwrappers Use CURL for url streams
--enable-dba Build DBA with builtin modules. To build shared DBA
extension use --enable-dba=shared
--with-qdbm[=DIR] DBA: Include QDBM support
--with-gdbm[=DIR] DBA: Include GDBM support
--with-ndbm[=DIR] DBA: Include NDBM support
--with-db4[=DIR] DBA: Include Berkeley DB4 support
--with-db3[=DIR] DBA: Include Berkeley DB3 support
--with-db2[=DIR] DBA: Include Berkeley DB2 support
--with-db1[=DIR] DBA: Include Berkeley DB1 support/emulation
--with-dbm[=DIR] DBA: Include DBM support
--with-cdb[=DIR] DBA: Include CDB support
--with-inifile DBA: Include INI support
--with-flatfile DBA: Include FlatFile support
--enable-dbase Enable the bundled dbase library
--disable-dom Disable new DOM support
--with-libxml-dir[=DIR] DOM: libxml2 install prefix
--enable-exif Enable EXIF (metadata from images) support
--with-fbsql[=DIR] Include FrontBase support. DIR is the FrontBase base directory
--with-fdftk[=DIR] Include FDF support
--enable-filepro Enable the bundled read-only filePro support
--enable-ftp Enable FTP support
--with-openssl-dir[=DIR] FTP: openssl install prefix
--with-gd[=DIR] Include GD support where DIR is GD install prefix.
If DIR is not set, the bundled GD library will be used
--with-jpeg-dir[=DIR] GD: Set the path to libjpeg install prefix
--with-png-dir[=DIR] GD: Set the path to libpng install prefix
--with-zlib-dir[=DIR] GD: Set the path to libz install prefix
--with-xpm-dir[=DIR] GD: Set the path to libXpm install prefix
--with-ttf[=DIR] GD: Include FreeType 1.x support
--with-freetype-dir[=DIR] GD: Set the path to FreeType 2 install prefix
--with-t1lib[=DIR] GD: Include T1lib support. T1lib version >= 5.0.0 required
--enable-gd-native-ttf GD: Enable TrueType string function
--enable-gd-jis-conv GD: Enable JIS-mapped Japanese font support
--with-gettext[=DIR] Include GNU gettext support
--with-gmp[=DIR] Include GNU MP support
--disable-hash Disable hash support
--with-hwapi[=DIR] Include official Hyperwave API support
--without-iconv[=DIR] Exclude iconv support
--with-imap[=DIR] Include IMAP support. DIR is the c-client install prefix
--with-kerberos[=DIR] IMAP: Include Kerberos support. DIR is the Kerberos install prefix
--with-imap-ssl[=DIR] IMAP: Include SSL support. DIR is the OpenSSL install prefix
--with-informix[=DIR] Include Informix support. DIR is the Informix base
install directory, defaults to nothing
--with-interbase[=DIR] Include InterBase support. DIR is the InterBase base
install directory, defaults to /usr/interbase
--with-ldap[=DIR] Include LDAP support
--with-ldap-sasl[=DIR] LDAP: Include Cyrus SASL support
--enable-mbstring Enable multibyte string support
--disable-mbregex MBSTRING: Disable multibyte regex support
--with-libmbfl[=DIR] MBSTRING: Use external libmbfl. DIR is the libmbfl install prefix.
If DIR is not set, the bundled libmbfl will be used
--with-mcrypt[=DIR] Include mcrypt support
--with-mhash[=DIR] Include mhash support
--with-mime-magic[=FILE]
Include mime_magic support (deprecated)
--with-ming[=DIR] Include MING support
--with-msession[=DIR] Include msession support
--with-msql[=DIR] Include mSQL support. DIR is the mSQL base
install directory, defaults to /usr/local/Hughes
--with-mssql[=DIR] Include MSSQL-DB support. DIR is the FreeTDS home
directory, defaults to /usr/local/freetds
--with-mysql[=DIR] Include MySQL support. DIR is the MySQL base directory
--with-mysql-sock[=DIR] MySQL: Location of the MySQL unix socket pointer.
If unspecified, the default locations are searched
--with-zlib-dir[=DIR] MySQL: Set the path to libz install prefix
--with-mysqli[=FILE] Include MySQLi support. FILE is the optional pathname
to mysql_config
--enable-embedded-mysqli MYSQLi: Enable embedded support
--with-ncurses[=DIR] Include ncurses support (CLI/CGI only)
--with-oci8[=DIR] Include Oracle (OCI8) support.
The default DIR is ORACLE_HOME.
Use --with-oci8=instantclient,/path/to/oic/lib
to use Oracle Instant Client installation
--with-adabas[=DIR] Include Adabas D support. DIR is the Adabas base
install directory [/usr/local]
--with-sapdb[=DIR] Include SAP DB support. DIR is SAP DB base
install directory [/usr/local]
--with-solid[=DIR] Include Solid support. DIR is the Solid base
install directory, defaults to /usr/local/solid
--with-ibm-db2[=DIR] Include IBM DB2 support. DIR is the DB2 base
install directory, defaults to /home/db2inst1/sqllib
--with-ODBCRouter[=DIR] Include ODBCRouter.com support. DIR is ODBCRouter base
install directory [/usr]
--with-empress[=DIR] Include Empress support. DIR is the Empress base
install directory, defaults to $EMPRESSPATH.
From PHP 4, this option only supports Empress Version
8.60 and above
--with-empress-bcs[=DIR]
Include Empress Local Access support. DIR is the
Empress base install directory. (Empress Version >= 8.60 required)
[$EMPRESSPATH]
--with-birdstep[=DIR] Include Birdstep support. DIR is the Birdstep base
install directory [/usr/local/birdstep]
--with-custom-odbc[=DIR]
Include a user defined ODBC support.
The DIR is ODBC install base directory,
which defaults to /usr/local.
Make sure to define CUSTOM_ODBC_LIBS and
have some odbc.h in your include dirs.
E.g., you should define following for
Sybase SQL Anywhere 5.5.00 on QNX, prior to
run configure script:
CPPFLAGS="-DODBC_QNX -DSQLANY_BUG"
LDFLAGS=-lunix
CUSTOM_ODBC_LIBS="-ldblib -lodbc"
--with-iodbc[=DIR] Include iODBC support. DIR is the iODBC base
install directory [/usr/local]
--with-esoob[=DIR] Include Easysoft OOB support. DIR is the OOB base
install directory [/usr/local/easysoft/oob/client]
--with-unixODBC[=DIR] Include unixODBC support. DIR is the unixODBC base
install directory [/usr/local]
--with-dbmaker[=DIR] Include DBMaker support. DIR is the DBMaker base
install directory, defaults to where the latest
version of DBMaker is installed (such as
/home/dbmaker/3.6)
--enable-pcntl Enable experimental pcntl support (CLI/CGI only)
--disable-pdo Disable PHP Data Objects support
--with-pdo-dblib[=DIR] Include PDO_DBLIB-DB support. DIR is the FreeTDS home
directory
--with-pdo-firebird[=DIR] PDO: Firebird support. DIR is the Firebird base
install directory, defaults to /opt/firebird
--with-pdo-mysql[=DIR] PDO: MySQL support. DIR is the MySQL base directory
--with-pdo-oci[=DIR] PDO: Oracle-OCI support. Default DIR is ORACLE_HOME.
You may also use --with-pdo-oci=instantclient,prefix,version to use
the InstantClient SDK. For Linux with 10.1.0.3 rpms (for example) use:
--with-pdo-oci=instantclient,/usr,10.1.0.3
--with-pdo-odbc=flavour,dir
PDO: Support for 'flavour' ODBC driver.
include and lib dirs are looked for under 'dir'.

'flavour' can be one of: ibm-db2, unixODBC, generic
If ',dir' part is omitted, default for the flavour
you have selected will used. e.g.:

--with-pdo-odbc=unixODBC

will check for unixODBC under /usr/local. You may attempt
to use an otherwise unsupported driver using the "generic"
flavour. The syntax for generic ODBC support is:

--with-pdo-odbc=generic,dir,libname,ldflags,cflags

This extension will always be created as a shared extension
named pdo_odbc.so
--with-pdo-pgsql[=DIR] PDO: PostgreSQL support. DIR is the PostgreSQL base
install directory or the path to pg_config
--without-pdo-sqlite PDO: sqlite 3 support
--with-pgsql[=DIR] Include PostgreSQL support. DIR is the PostgreSQL
base install directory or the path to pg_config
--disable-posix Disable POSIX-like functions
--with-pspell[=DIR] Include PSPELL support.
GNU Aspell version 0.50.0 or higher required
--with-libedit[=DIR] Include libedit readline replacement (CLI/CGI only)
--with-readline[=DIR] Include readline support (CLI/CGI only)
--with-recode[=DIR] Include recode support
--disable-reflection Disable reflection support
--disable-session Disable session support
--with-mm[=DIR] SESSION: Include mm support for session storage
--enable-shmop Enable shmop support
--disable-simplexml Disable SimpleXML support
--with-libxml-dir=DIR SimpleXML: libxml2 install prefix
--with-snmp[=DIR] Include SNMP support
--with-openssl-dir[=DIR] SNMP: openssl install prefix
--enable-ucd-snmp-hack SNMP: Enable UCD SNMP hack
--enable-soap Enable SOAP support
--with-libxml-dir=DIR SOAP: libxml2 install prefix
--enable-sockets Enable sockets support
--disable-spl Disable Standard PHP Library
--without-sqlite Do not include sqlite support.
Use --with-sqlite=DIR to specify DIR where
Sqlite include and library files are located,
if not using bundled library.
--enable-sqlite-utf8 SQLite: Enable UTF-8 support for SQLite
--with-regex=TYPE regex library type: system, apache, php. [TYPE=php]
WARNING: Do NOT use unless you know what you are doing!
--with-sybase[=DIR] Include Sybase-DB support. DIR is the Sybase home
directory, defaults to /home/sybase
--with-sybase-ct[=DIR] Include Sybase-CT support. DIR is the Sybase home
directory. Defaults to /home/sybase
--enable-sysvmsg Enable sysvmsg support
--enable-sysvsem Enable System V semaphore support
--enable-sysvshm Enable the System V shared memory support
--with-tidy[=DIR] Include TIDY support
--disable-tokenizer Disable tokenizer support
--enable-wddx Enable WDDX support
--disable-xml Disable XML support
--with-libxml-dir=DIR XML: libxml2 install prefix
--with-libexpat-dir=DIR XML: libexpat install prefix (deprecated)
--disable-xmlreader Disable XMLReader support
--with-libxml-dir=DIR XMLReader: libxml2 install prefix
--with-xmlrpc[=DIR] Include XMLRPC-EPI support
--with-libxml-dir=DIR XMLRPC-EPI: libxml2 install prefix
--with-libexpat-dir=DIR XMLRPC-EPI: libexpat dir for XMLRPC-EPI (deprecated)
--with-iconv-dir=DIR XMLRPC-EPI: iconv dir for XMLRPC-EPI
--disable-xmlwriter Disable XMLWriter support
--with-libxml-dir=DIR XMLWriter: libxml2 install prefix
--with-xsl[=DIR] Include new XSL support (requires libxslt >= 1.0.18).
DIR is the libxslt install directory

PEAR:

--with-pear=DIR Install PEAR in DIR [PREFIX/lib/php]
--without-pear Do not install PEAR

Zend:

--with-zend-vm=TYPE Set virtual machine dispatch method. Type is
one of CALL, SWITCH or GOTO [TYPE=CALL]
--disable-zend-memory-manager
Disable the Zend memory manager - FOR DEVELOPERS ONLY!!
--enable-maintainer-zts Enable thread safety - for code maintainers only!!
--disable-inline-optimization
If building zend_execute.lo fails, try this switch
--enable-memory-limit Compile with memory limit support
--enable-zend-multibyte Compile with zend multibyte support

TSRM:

--with-tsrm-pth[=pth-config]
Use GNU Pth
--with-tsrm-st Use SGI's State Threads
--with-tsrm-pthreads Use POSIX threads (default)

Libtool:

--enable-shared[=PKGS] build shared libraries [default=yes]
--enable-static[=PKGS] build static libraries [default=yes]
--enable-fast-install[=PKGS] optimize for fast installation [default=yes]
--with-gnu-ld assume the C compiler uses GNU ld [default=no]
--disable-libtool-lock avoid locking (might break parallel builds)
--with-pic try to use only PIC/non-PIC objects [default=use both]
--with-tags[=TAGS] include additional configurations [automatic]

--with-gnu-ld assume the C compiler uses GNU ld [default=no]